Dr Limin Mao

Senior Research Fellow
PhD UNSW; MEdAdmin UNSW; MBBS MD, Fudan University, Shanghai
Centre for Social Research in Health

Contact

9385 4482
9384 6455
Room 307, Goodsell Building
Kensington Campus
Fields: Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified, Health Information Systems (incl. Surveillance), Applied Sociology, Program Evaluation and Social Impact Assessment, Mental Health, Infectious Diseases, Culture, Gender, Sexuality
Tags: Disease Distribution and Transmission (incl. Surveillance and Response), Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions), Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health)

Dr Limin Mao is a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Social Research in Health (CSRH) in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at the University of New South Wales, Sydney. Her cross-disciplinary training in Medicine, Public Health (Epidemiology), and Social Sciences (Education and Psychology) enables her to bring a range of theoretical perspectives and mixed-method research skills into the team. Dr Mao has extensive experience in conducting, analysing, and interpreting cross-sectional surveys and prospective observational cohort studies.

In the past ten years, Dr Mao has established outstanding research track records in the areas of: better clinical and self-management of HIV and depression in primary health care settings (funded by NHMRC); monitoring gay men’s risk practices and identifying emerging condom- and non-condom-based risk reduction strategies such as serosorting in relation to HIV transmission using ongoing, repeated, cross-sectional behavioural surveillance and large-scale, prospective cohort studies (funded by US NIH, NHMRC, and health departments at the state and federal levels), as well as involved as a behavioural scientist in international, multisite, HIV vaccine clinical trials (US NIH funded). Since 2011, as a lead/chief investigator, she has received a total of 2.4 million grant funding. She has published more than 50 journal articles with over 700 citations.

Research

Dr Limin Mao is a Senior Research Fellow with the  Centre for Social Research in Health.

Dr Mao has mastered sophisticated public health, social research and statistical skills.

She has extensive research experiences in the following domains:

  • promoting better clinical and self-management for people living with chronic infections and co-morbidity (e.g., HIV and HCV treatment initiation, uptake, refusal,  and adherence, beliefs and practices in relation to treatment as prevention)
  • adapting established behavioural surveillance in priority populations (gay and other men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, people from Cultural and Linguistic Diverse (CALD) background) to inform prevention, diagnosis, treatment, care and support for people with blood-borne viral infections (e.g., HIV, HCV); and sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

Publications

    Book Chapters

    • Mao L, 2005, 'HIV transmission, behavioural surveillance and HIV vaccine trial in Australia (Aodaliya HIV de chuanbo, xiangguan xingwei jiance yu yimiao yanzhi)', in Gao YJ; Gao YN (ed.), The social immunity of AIDS (Aizibing de shehui mianyi): Fudan University academic forum [Chinese], edn. Original, Fudan University Press, Shanghai, pp. 411 - 429

    Journal articles

    • Mutch AJ;Lui CW;Dean J;Mao L;Lemoire J;Debattista J;Howard C;Whittaker A;Fitzgerald L, 2017, 'Increasing HIV testing among hard-to-reach groups: examination of RAPID, a community-based testing service in Queensland, Australia', BMC Health Services Research, vol. 17, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-017-2249-5
    • Lui CW;Dean J;Mutch A;Mao L;Debattista J;Lemoire J;Howard C;Whittaker A;Hollingdrake O;Fitzgerald L, 2017, 'HIV Testing in Men who have Sex with Men: A Follow-up Review of the Qualitative Literature since 2010', AIDS and Behavior, pp. 1 - 13, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-017-1752-3
    • Siefried KJ;Mao L;Kerr S;Cysique LA;Gates TM;McAllister J;Maynard A;De Wit J;Carr A, 2017, 'Socioeconomic factors explain suboptimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected Australian adults with viral suppression', PLoS ONE, vol. 12, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0174613
    • Holt M;Lea T;Mao L;Zablotska I;Lee E;Hull P;De Wit JB F;Prestage G, 2017, 'Adapting behavioural surveillance to antiretroviral-based HIV prevention: Reviewing and anticipating trends in the Australian Gay Community Periodic Surveys', Sexual Health, vol. 14, pp. 72 - 79, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SH16072
    • Zeng H;Zhang L;Zhao Y;Liu H;Guo H;Wang Y;Zhang Z;Mao L, 2016, 'HIV prevention among street-based sex workers (SSWs) in Chongqing, China: interviews with SSWs, clients and healthcare providers', Health and Social Care in the Community, vol. 24, pp. e173 - e180, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12266
    • Moore CL;Gidding HF;Jin F;Mao L;Petoumenos K;Zablotska IB;Poynten IM;Prestage G;Law MG;Grulich AE;Amin J, 2016, 'Patterns of Drug Use and Drug-related Hospital Admissions in HIV-Positive and -Negative Gay and Bisexual Men', AIDS and Behavior, vol. 20, pp. 2372 - 2386, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-016-1303-3
    • Su S;Li S;Li S;Gao L;Cai Y;Fu J;Guo C;Jing J;Chen L;Mao L;Cheng F;Zhang L, 2016, 'Gaps in the Continuum of HIV Care: Long Pretreatment Waiting Time between HIV Diagnosis and Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation Leads to Poor Treatment Adherence and Outcomes', BioMed Research International, vol. 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2648923
    • Treloar C;Mao L;Wilson H, 2016, 'Beyond equipment distribution in Needle and Syringe Programmes: An exploratory analysis of blood-borne virus risk and other measures of client need', Harm Reduction Journal, vol. 13, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12954-016-0107-0
    • Hull P;Mao L;Prestage G;Zablotska I;De Wit J;Holt M, 2016, 'The use of mobile phone apps by Australian gay and bisexual men to meet sex partners: An analysis of sex-seeking repertoires and risks for HIV and STIs using behavioural surveillance data', Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 92, pp. 502 - 507, http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2015-052325
    • Persson A;Newman CE;Mao L;de Wit J, 2016, 'On the Margins of Pharmaceutical Citizenship: Not Taking HIV Medication in the “Treatment Revolution” Era', Medical Anthropology Quarterly, vol. 30, pp. 359 - 377, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/maq.12274
    • Mao L;de Wit J;Adam P;Post JJ;Slavin S;Cogle A;Wright E;Kidd M, 2016, 'Beliefs in Antiretroviral Treatment and Self-Efficacy in HIV Management are Associated with Distinctive HIV Treatment Trajectories', AIDS and Behavior, pp. 1 - 9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-016-1649-6
    • Medland NA;Mao L;Crooks L;de Wit J, 2016, 'Obstacles to prescribers' initiation early antiretroviral therapy: a barrier to achieving 90-90-90 goals', The Lancet HIV, vol. 3, pp. e559 - e560, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-3018(16)30172-2
    • Moore CL;Grulich AE;Prestage G;Gidding HF;Jin F;Petoumenos K;Zablotska IB;Poynten IM;Mao L;Law MG;Amin J, 2016, 'Hospitalization for Anxiety and Mood Disorders in HIV-Infected and -Uninfected Gay and Bisexual Men.', J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, vol. 73, pp. 589 - 597, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000001147
    • Su S;Chen X;Mao L;He J;Wei X;Jing J;Zhang L, 2016, 'Superior effects of antiretroviral treatment among men who have sex with men compared to other HIV at-risk populations in a large cohort study in Hunan, China', International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 13, http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13030283
    • Treloar C;Wilson H;Mao L, 2016, 'Deconstructing injecting risk of hepatitis C virus transmission: Using strategic positioning to understand “higher risk” practices', Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, vol. 23, pp. 457 - 461, http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09687637.2016.1161008
    • Treloar C;Rance J;Yates K;Mao L, 2016, 'Trust and people who inject drugs: The perspectives of clients and staff of Needle Syringe Programs', International Journal of Drug Policy, vol. 27, pp. 138 - 145, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2015.08.018
    • Moore CL;Grulich AE;Prestage G;Gidding HF;Jin F;Mao L;Petoumenos K;Zablotska IB;Poynten IM;Law MG;Amin J, 2016, 'Hospitalisation rates and associated factors in community-based cohorts of HIV-infected and -uninfected gay and bisexual men', HIV Medicine, vol. 17, pp. 327 - 339, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hiv.12312
    • Lee E;Murphy D;Mao L;de Wit J;Prestage G;Zablotska I;Holt M, 2016, 'Social and Behavioural Correlates of HIV Testing Among Australian Gay and Bisexual Men in Regular Relationships', AIDS and Behavior, vol. 20, pp. 1295 - 1301, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-015-1167-y
    • Swart A;Meagher NS;Van Leeuwen MT;Zhao K;Grulich A;Mao L;Randall DA;Degenhardt L;Burns L;O'Connell D;Amin J;Vajdic CM, 2015, 'Examining the quality of name code record linkage: What is the impact on death and cancer risk estimates? A validation study', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, vol. 39, pp. 141 - 147, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12287
    • Lea T;Mao L;Hopwood M;Prestage G;Zablotska I;de Wit J;Holt M, 2015, 'Methamphetamine use among gay and bisexual men in Australia: Trends in recent and regular use from the Gay Community Periodic Surveys', International Journal of Drug Policy, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.01.003
    • Zhang X;Mao L;Aggleton P;Zhang J;Jing J;Cui J;Zhao R;Ren J;De Wit J, 2015, 'Factors associated with women's entry into the sex industry: Findings from interviews conducted with female sex workers in Chinese detention centres', Sexual Health, vol. 12, pp. 541 - 545, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SH14009
    • Holt M;Lea T;Mao L;Zablotska I;Prestage G;De Wit J, 2015, 'HIV prevention by australian gay and bisexual men with casual partners: The emergence of undetectable viral load as one of a range of risk reduction strategies', Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 70, pp. 545 - 548, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000000787
    • Treloar C;Hopwood M;Yates K;Mao L, 2015, 'Doing the devils work": Emotional labour and stigma in expanding Needle and Syringe Programs', Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, vol. 22, pp. 437 - 443, http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09687637.2015.1057553
    • De La Mata NL;Mao L;De Wit J;Smith D;Holt M;Prestage G;Wilson DP;Petoumenos K, 2015, 'Estimating antiretroviral treatment coverage rates and viral suppression rates for homosexual men in Australia', Sexual Health, vol. 12, pp. 453 - 457, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SH15037
    • Lea T;Ryan D;Prestage G;Zablotska I;Mao L;de Wit J;Holt M, 2015, 'Alcohol use among a community-based sample of gay men: Correlates of high-risk use and implications for service provision', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 34, pp. 349 - 357, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12234
    • Vajdic CM;Marashi Pour S;Olivier J;Swart A;O'Connell DL;Falster MO;Meagher NS;Mao L;Grulich AE;Randall DA;Amin J;Burns L;Degenhardt L, 2015, 'Corrigendum to "The impact of blood-borne viruses on cause-specific mortality among opioid dependent people: An Australian population-based cohort study" [Drug Alcohol Depend. 152C (2015) 264-271] DOI', Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 154, pp. 304, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.06.024
    • Bavinton BR;Jin F;Mao L;Zablotska I;Prestage GP;Grulich AE, 2015, 'Homosexual men in HIV serodiscordant relationships: Implications for HIV treatment as prevention research', Journal of the International AIDS Society, vol. 18, http://dx.doi.org/10.7448/IAS.18.1.19884
    • Newman CE;Mao L;Persson A;Holt M;Slavin S;Kidd MR;Post JJ;Wright E;De Wit J, 2015, ''Not Until I'm Absolutely Half-Dead and Have To:' Accounting for Non-Use of Antiretroviral Therapy in Semi-Structured Interviews with People Living with HIV in Australia', AIDS Patient Care and STDs, vol. 29, pp. 267 - 278, http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/apc.2014.0301
    • Vajdic CM;Pour SM;Olivier J;Swart A;O'Connell DL;Falster MO;Meagher NS;Mao L;Grulich AE;Randall DA;Amin J;Burns L;Degenhardt L, 2015, 'The impact of blood-borne viruses on cause-specific mortality among opioid dependent people: An Australian population-based cohort study', Drug and Alcohol Dependence, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.03.026
    • Jin F;Prestage GP;Mao L;Mary Poynten I;Templeton DJ;Grulich AE;Zablotska I, 2015, '"Any condomless anal intercourse" is no longer an accurate measure of HIV sexual risk behavior in gay and other men who have sex with men', Frontiers in Immunology, vol. 6, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2015.00086
    • Mao L;Adam PC G;Kippax S;Crooks L;Post JJ;Kidd MR;Slavin S;Wright EJ;De Wit JB F, 2015, 'Evolving views and practices of antiretroviral treatment prescribers in Australia', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 202, pp. 258 - 261, http://dx.doi.org/10.5694/mja14.00443
    • Pan R;Mao L;He N;Zhang J;Chen K;Liao C;Tang X;Gong X;Blaxland M;de Wit J, 2015, 'Factors associated with establishment-based female sex workers accessing health care services in Shanghai', AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2015.1005004
    • Mao L;de Wit JB;Kippax SC;Prestage G;Holt M, 2015, 'Younger age, recent HIV diagnosis, no welfare support and no annual sexually transmissible infection screening are associated with nonuse of antiretroviral therapy among HIV-positive gay men in Austra', HIV Medicine, vol. 16, pp. 32 - 37, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hiv.12169
    • Treloar C;McLeod R;Yates K;Mao L, 2014, 'What’s the cost of finding the right fit? The cost of conducting NSP business in a range of modalities', Contemporary Drug Problems, vol. 41, pp. 41 - 56
    • Treloar C;Rance J;Yates K;Mao L, 2014, 'Trust and people who inject drugs: The perspectives of clients and staff of Needle Syringe Programs', International Journal of Drug Policy, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2015.08.018
    • Zablotska IB;Holt M;de Wit J;Mao L;Down I;Prestage G, 2014, 'At home and away: gay men and high risk sexual practices', AIDS and behavior, vol. 18, pp. 1436 - 1442, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-013-0635-5
    • Newman CE;De Wit J;Persson A;Holt M;Slavin S;Kidd MR;Post JJ;Wright E;Mao L, 2014, 'Understanding Concerns About Treatment-as-Prevention Among People with HIV who are not Using Antiretroviral Therapy', AIDS and Behavior, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-014-0959-9
    • Wilson H;Brener L;Mao L;Treloar C, 2014, 'Perceived discrimination and injecting risk among people who inject drugs attending Needle and Syringe Programmes in Sydney, Australia', Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 144, pp. 274 - 278, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.08.018
    • Holt M;Hull P;Lea T;de Wit J;Mao L;Guy R;Prestage G;Zablotska I;Bourne C, 2013, 'Comprehensive testing for, and diagnosis of, sexually transmissible infections among Australian gay and bisexual men: Findings from repeated, cross-sectional behavioural surveillance, 2003-2012', Sexually Transmitted Infections, http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2013-051294
    • Lea T;Lee E;Mao L;De Wit J;Holt M, 2013, 'HIV and hepatitis C virus co-infection among men who have sex with men in Sydney, and associations with sexual and drug use practices', Sexual Health, vol. 10, pp. 448 - 451, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SH13042
    • Mao L;de Wit J;Adam P;Post JJ;Crooks L;Kidd MR;Slavin S;Kippax S;Wright E, 2013, 'Australian prescribers' perspectives on ART initiation in the era of “treatment as prevention”', AIDS Care, vol. 25, pp. 1375 - 1379, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2013.766304
    • Jin F;Grulich AE;Mao L;Zablotska I;O'Dwyer M;Poynten M;Prestage GP, 2013, 'Sexual partner's age as a risk factor for HIV seroconversion in a cohort of HIV-negative homosexual men in Sydney', AIDS and Behavior, vol. 17, pp. 2426 - 2429, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-012-0350-7
    • Lea T;Prestage G;Mao L;Zablotska I;de Wit J;Holt M, 2013, 'Trends in drug use among gay and bisexual men in Sydney, Melbourne and Queensland, Australia', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 32, pp. 39 - 46, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2012.00494.x
    • Holt M;Lee E;Prestage GP;Zablotska I;De Wit J;Mao L, 2013, 'The converging and diverging characteristics of HIV-positive and HIV-negative gay men in the Australian gay community periodic surveys, 2000-2009', AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, vol. 25, pp. 28 - 37, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2012.686598
    • Lea T;Mao L;de Wit J;Holt M;Bath N;Prestage G;Zablotska I, 2013, 'Injecting drug use among gay and bisexual men in Sydney: prevalence and associations with sexual risk practices and HIV and hepatitis C infection', AIDS and Behavior, pp. 1 - 8, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-013-0409-0
    • Lea T;Costello M;Mao L;Prestage G;Zablotska I;Ward J;Kaldor J;De Wit J;Holt M, 2013, 'Elevated reporting of unprotected anal intercourse and injecting drug use but no difference in HIV prevalence among Indigenous Australian men who have sex with men compared with their Anglo-Australian', Sexual Health, vol. 10, pp. 146 - 155, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SH12097
    • Mao L;Adam P;Kippax SC;Holt M;Prestage G;Calmette Y;Zablotska I;de Wit J, 2013, 'HIV-negative gay men's perceived HIV risk hierarchy: imaginary or real?', AIDS and Behavior, vol. 17, pp. 1362 - 1369, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-012-0406-8
    • Zablotska IB;Prestage G;de Wit J;Grulich AE;Mao L;Holt M, 2012, 'The informal use of antiretroviral medications for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) of HIV among gay men in Australia', Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0b013e31827e854a
    • Jin F;Grulich AE;Zablotska I;O'Dwyer M;Poynten M;Prestage GP;Mao L, 2012, 'Sexual Partner's Age as a Risk Factor for HIV Seroconversion in a Cohort of HIV-Negative Homosexual Men in Sydney', AIDS and Behavior, pp. 1 - 4, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-012-0350-7
    • Swart A;Burns L;Mao L;Grulich AE;Amin J;O'Connell DL;Meagher NS;Randall DA;Degenhardt L;Vajdic CM, 2012, 'The importance of blood-borne viruses in elevated cancer risk among opioid-dependent people: A population-based cohort study', BMJ Open, vol. 2, http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001755
    • Guy R;Wand H;Holt M;Mao L;Wilson DP;Bourne C;Drummond F;Honnor G;Keen P;Donovan B;Prestage G, 2012, 'High annual syphilis testing rates among gay men in Australia, but insufficient retesting', Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 39, pp. 268 - 275, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OLQ.0b013e3182471ff0
    • Holt M;Bryant J;Newman CE;Paquette DM;Mao L;Kidd MR;Saltman DC;Kippax SC, 2012, 'Patterns of Alcohol and Other Drug Use Associated with Major Depression Among Gay Men Attending General Practices in Australia', International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, vol. 10, pp. 141 - 151, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11469-011-9330-9
    • Zablotska I;Holt M;De Wit J;McKechnie M;Mao L;Prestage G, 2012, 'Gay men who are not getting tested for HIV', AIDS and Behavior, vol. 16, pp. 1887 - 1894, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-012-0184-3
    • Körner H;Newman C;Mao L;Kidd MR;Saltman D;Kippax S, 2011, ''The black dog just came and sat on my face and built a kennel': Gay men making sense of 'depression'', Health, vol. 15, pp. 417 - 436, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1363459310372511
    • Mao L;Kippax SC;Holt M;Prestage GP;Zablotska IB;De Wit JB F, 2011, 'Rates of condom and non-condom-based anal intercourse practices among homosexually active men in Australia: Deliberate HIV risk reduction?', Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 87, pp. 489 - 493, http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2011-050041
    • Zablotska IB;Prestage G;Holt M;Poynten M;De Wit J;Guy R;Mao L;McAllister J;Grulich AE, 2011, 'Australian gay men who have taken nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis for HIV are in need of effective HIV prevention methods', Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 58, pp. 424 - 428, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0b013e318230e885
    • Newman C;Mao L;Canavan PG;Kidd MR;Saltman DC;Kippax SC, 2010, 'HIV generations? Generational discourse in interviews with Australian general practitioners and their HIV positive gay male patients', Social Science and Medicine, vol. 70, pp. 1721 - 1727, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.02.006
    • Newman C;Kippax S;Mao L;Saltman D;Kidd M, 2010, 'Roles ascribed to general practitioners by gay men with depression', Australian Family Physician, vol. 39, pp. 667 - 671
    • Poynten IM;Jin F;Mao L;Prestage GP;Kippax SC;Kaldor JM;Imrie J;Grulich AE, 2009, 'Nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis, subsequent risk behaviour and HIV incidence in a cohort of Australian homosexual men', AIDS, vol. 23, pp. 1119 - 1126, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0b013e32832c1776
    • Prestage G;Mao L;Kippax S;Jin F;Hurley M;Grulich A;Imrie J;Kaldor J;Zablotska I, 2009, 'Use of viral load to negotiate condom use among gay men in Sydney, Australia', AIDS and Behavior, vol. 13, pp. 645 - 651, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-009-9527-0
    • Templeton DJ;Jin F;Mao L;Prestage GP;Donovan B;Imrie J;Kippax S;Kaldor JM;Grulich AE, 2009, 'Circumcision and risk of HIV infection in Australian homosexual men', AIDS, vol. 23, pp. 2347 - 2351, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0b013e32833202b8
    • Mao L;Kidd MR;Rogers G;Andrews G;Newman CE;Booth A;Saltman DC;Kippax SC, 2009, 'Social factors associated with major depressive disorder in homosexually active, gay men attending general practices in urban Australia', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, vol. 33, pp. 83 - 86, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-6405.2009.00344.x
    • Newman CE;Kippax SC;Mao L;Rogers GD;Saltman DC;Kidd MR, 2009, 'Features of the management of depression in gay men and men with HIV from the perspective of Australian GPs', Family Practice, vol. 26, pp. 27 - 33, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/fampra/cmn089
    • Mao L;Newman CE;Kidd MR;Saltman DC;Rogers GD;Kippax SC, 2009, 'Self-reported sexual difficulties and their association with depression and other factors among gay men attending high HIV-caseload general practices in Australia', Journal of Sexual Medicine, vol. 6, pp. 1378 - 1385, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2008.01160.x
    • Newman CE;Kippax SC;Mao L;Saltman D;de Wit J;Anderson JA;Reynolds R;Canavan P;Kidd M, 2009, 'Interviewing doctors: advancing qualitative research methods in primary health care contexts', International Journal of Qualitative Methods, vol. 8, pp. 39 - 39, http://ejournals.library.ualberta.ca/index.php/IJQM/issue/view/485
    • Templeton DJ;Mao L;Prestage GP;Jin F;Kaldor JM;Grulich AE, 2008, 'Self-report is a valid measure of circumcision status in homosexual men', Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 84, pp. 187 - 188, http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/sti.2007.029645
    • Newman C;Kippax S;Mao L;Saltman A M D;Kidd M, 2008, 'GPs understanding of how depression affects gay and HIV positive men', Australian Family Physician, vol. 37, pp. 678 - 680
    • Körner H;Newman C;Mao L;Kippax S;Kidd MR;Saltman D, 2008, ''It's really a myriad of different signals, not just the textbook': The complexities of diagnosing depression in gay men in general practice', Mental Health in Family Medicine, vol. 5, pp. 167 - 175
    • Mao L;Templeton DJ;Crawford J;Imrie J;Prestage GP;Grulich AE;Donovan B;Kaldor JM;Kippax SC, 2008, 'Does circumcision make a difference to the sexual experience of gay men? Findings from the health in men (HIM) cohort', Journal of Sexual Medicine, vol. 5, pp. 2557 - 2561, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2008.00845.x
    • Saltman DC;Newman CE;Mao L;Kippax SC;Kidd MR, 2008, 'Experiences in managing problematic crystal methamphetamine use and associated depression in gay men and HIV positive men: In-depth interviews with general practitioners in Sydney, Australia', BMC Family Practice, vol. 9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2296-9-45
    • Mao L;Kippax SC;Newman CE;Andrews G;Rogers G;Saltman DC;Kidd MR, 2008, 'Rates of depression among men attending high-HIV-caseload general practices in Australia', Mental Health in Family Medicine, vol. 5, pp. 79 - 83
    • Mao L;Imrie J;Prestage G;Grulich A;Donovan B;Kaldor J;Kippax S, 2007, 'Does circumcision make a difference to the sexual experience of gay men? Findings from the health in men (HIM) cohort', SEXUAL HEALTH, vol. 4, pp. 309 - 310, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SHv4n4Ab64
    • Jin F;Prestage GP;Mao L;Kippax SC;Pell CM;Donovan B;Cunningham PH;Templeton DJ;Kaldor JM;Grulich AE, 2007, 'Incidence and risk factors for urethral and anal gonorrhoea and chlamydia in a cohort of HIV-negative homosexual men: The health in men study', Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 83, pp. 113 - 119, http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/sti.2006.021915
    • Prestage G;Mao L;Jin F;Grulich A;Kaldor J;Kippax S, 2007, 'Sex work and risk behaviour among HIV-negative gay men', AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, vol. 19, pp. 931 - 934, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540120701203386
    • Prestage G;Mao L;Mcguigan D;Crawford J;Kippax S;Kaldor J;Grulich AE, 2006, 'HIV risk and communication between regular partners in a cohort of HIV-negative gay men', AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, vol. 18, pp. 166 - 172, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540120500358951
    • Mao L;Crawford JM;Hospers HJ;Prestage GP;Grulich AE;Kaldor JM;Kippax SC, 2006, ''Serosorting' in casual anal sex of HIV-negative gay men is noteworthy and is increasing in Sydney, Australia', AIDS, vol. 20, pp. 1204 - 1206, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.aids.0000226964.17966.75
    • Crawford JM;Kippax SC;Mao L;Van De Ven PG;Prestage GP;Grulich AE;Kaldor J, 2006, 'Number of risk acts by relationship status and partner serostatus: Findings from the HIM cohort of homosexually active men in Sydney, Australia', AIDS and Behavior, vol. 10, pp. 325 - 331, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-005-9057-3
    • Abelson J;Rawstorne P;Crawford J;Mao L;Prestage G;Kippax S, 2006, 'HIV optimism does not explain increases in high-risk sexual behaviour among gay men of positive or negative HIV status in Sydney, Australia [8]', AIDS, vol. 20, pp. 1215 - 1216, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.aids.0000226972.42622.95
    • Jin F;Prestage GP;Mao L;Kippax SC;Pell CM;Donovan B;Templeton DJ;Taylor J;Mindel A;Kaldor JM;Grulich AE, 2006, 'Transmission of herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 in a prospective cohort of HIV-negative gay men: The health in men study', Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 194, pp. 561 - 570, http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/506455
    • Templeton DJ;Mao L;Prestage G;Kaldor JM;Kippax S;Grulich AE, 2006, 'Demographic predictors of circumcision status in a community-based sample of homosexual men in Sydney, Australia', Sexual Health, vol. 3, pp. 191 - 193, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SH06009
    • Mao L;Crawford J;Van De Ven P;Prestage G;Grulich A;Kaldor J;Kippax S, 2006, 'Differences between men who report frequent, occasional or no unprotected anal intercourse with casual partners among a cohort of HIV-seronegative gay men in Sydney, Australia', AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, vol. 18, pp. 942 - 951, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540120500343144
    • Prestage G;Van De Ven P;Mao L;Grulich A;Kippax S;Kaldor J, 2005, 'Contexts for last occasions of unprotected anal intercourse among HIV-negative gay men in Sydney: The health in men cohort', AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, vol. 17, pp. 23 - 32, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540120412331305106
    • Van De Ven P;Mao L;Fogarty A;Rawstorne P;Crawford J;Prestage G;Grulich A;Kaldor J;Kippax S, 2005, 'Undetectable viral load is associated with sexual risk taking in HIV serodiscordant gay couples in Sydney', AIDS, vol. 19, pp. 179 - 184
    • Van De Ven P;Mao L;Crawford J;Prestage G;Grulich A;Kaldor J;Kippax S, 2005, 'Willingness to participate in HIV vaccine trials among HIV-negative gay men in Sydney, Australia', International Journal of STD and AIDS, vol. 16, pp. 314 - 317, http://dx.doi.org/10.1258/0956462053654212
    • Prestage G;Mao L;Fogarty A;Van de Ven P;Kippax S;Crawford J;Rawstone P;Kaldor J;Jin F;Grulich A, 2005, 'How has the sexual behaviour of gay men changed since the onset of AIDS: 1986-2003', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, vol. 29, pp. 530 - 535
    • Mao L;De Ven PV;McCormick J, 2004, 'Individualism-collectivism, self-efficacy, and other factors associated with risk taking among gay Asian and Caucasian men', AIDS Education and Prevention, vol. 16, pp. 55 - 67, http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/aeap.16.1.55.27720
    • Van De Ven P;Mao L;Prestage G, 2004, 'Gay Asian men in Sydney resist international trend: No change in rates of unprotected anal intercourse, 1999-2002', AIDS Education and Prevention, vol. 16, pp. 1 - 12, http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/aeap.16.1.1.27726
    • Mao L;McCormick J;Van de Ven P, 2002, 'Ethnic and gay identification: Gay Asian men dealing with the divide', Culture, Health and Sexuality, vol. 4, pp. 419 - 430, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13691050110148342

    Reports

    Other

    • Mao L, 2015, Research and projects/programs in Australia for culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) MSM background: a report-back, invited report-back to the CALD Gay Men Working Group, ACON, Sydney
    • Mao L, 2015, ART use or non-use by PLHIV in Australia, for the HIV Treatment Forum (National), invited speaker by HIV Foundation Queensland, Brisbane
    • Mao L, 2015, Updates from the National Gay Community Period Surveys, invited speaker by the STIs in Gay Men Action (STIGMA) Group, ACON, Sydney
    • Newman C;de Wit J;Persson AS;Holt M;Mao L;Slavin S;Kidd M, 2015, Why might some people with HIV feel concerned about using treatment as prevention?, AFAO, https://www.afao.org.au/library/hiv-australia/volume-13/vol-13-number-2-horizons/how-some-people-with-hiv-feel-about-tasp#.Vq7aFNV96Uk

    Conference Posters

    • Mao L, 2005, 'Gay Asian and Caucasian men in Sydney: in the era of post AIDS', in Gay Asian and Caucasian men in Sydney: in the era of post AIDS, 7th International Congress on AIDS in Asian and the Pacific (ICAAP),, Kobe, Japan, presented at 7th International Congress on AIDS in Asian and the Pacific (ICAAP),, Kobe, Japan, 01 - 05 July 2005
    • Mao L;Van de Ven P;Prestage G, 2004, 'Gay Asian men in Sydney resist international trend: no change in rates of unprotected anal intercourse, 1999-2002', in Gay Asian men in Sydney resist international trend: no change in rates of unprotected anal intercourse, 1999-2002, XV International AIDS Conference, Bangkok, presented at XV International AIDS Conference, Bangkok, 11 - 16 July 2004

    Theses / Dissertations

    Conference Presentations

    • Mao L, 2016, 'To be on antiretroviral treatment (ART) or not: What contributes to differences in ART uptake patterns?', presented at 2. 14th Social Research Conference on HIV, Viral Hepatitis and Related Diseases, Sydney, 31 March - 01 April 2016
    • Buchanan A;Mao L, 2016, 'SMS messaging to promote ART adherence', presented at 2016 Australasian HIV & AIDS Conference, Adelaide, 16 - 18 November 2016
    • Mao L;Siefried K;Carr A;de Wit J, 2016, 'Perceptions of TasP among HIV-positive gay men with sustained viral suppression', presented at 2016 Australasian HIV & AIDS Conference, Adelaide, 16 - 18 November 2016
    • Mao L;Holt M, 2016, 'Annual Report of Trends in Behaviour 2016: HIV/STI among gay and bisexual men', presented at 2016 Australasian HIV & AIDS Conference, Adelaide, 16 - 18 November 2016
    • Holt M;Lea T;Mao L;Zablotska I;Prestage G;De Wit J, 2015, 'The emergence of undetectable viral load as a HIV risk reduction strategy by Australian gay and bisexual men who have condomless sex with casual partners', presented at Australasian HIV/AIDS Conference, Brisbane, 16 - 18 September 2015
    • Newman C;Persson AS;Holt M;Mao L;de Wit J, 2015, '‘That’s not a good enough reason for me’: Appreciating consumer doubts about HIV medicine', presented at TASA Health Symposium: The Politics of Knowledge in Health Care: Science, Evidence and Experience, Newcastle, 26 - 26 June 2015
    • Mao L, 2015, 'ART use or non-use by PLHIV in Australia', presented at HIV Treatment Forum (National), 18 - 18 April 2015
    • Mao L;Crooks L;Post J;Adam P;Wright E;Kidd M;Wilson D;Slavin S;Kippax S;de Wit J, 2015, 'Taking Treatment as Prevention into practice: growing support among antiretroviral treatment prescribers in Australia', presented at AIDS Impact, Amsterdam, 28 - 31 July 2015
    • Mao L;Newman C;de Wit J, 2014, 'Living with HIV but not taking ART: expert patients? Resisting consumers? Moral citizens?', presented at 13th Social Research Conference on HIV, Hepatitis C and related diseases: promises & limitations: biomedical treatment and prevention in the real world, 20 - 21 February 2014
    • Mao L, 2014, 's100 (ART) prescribers’ changing views and practices', presented at 13th Social Research Conference on HIV, Hepatitis C and related diseases: promises & limitations: biomedical treatment and prevention in the real world, 20 - 21 February 2014
    • Mao L;Adam P;Holt M;Prestage G;de Wit J, 2013, 'Bi-directional association between HIV risk perception and practice', presented at 2nd International HIV Social Sciences and Humanities Conference, Paris, 07 - 10 July 2013
    • Newman C;Mao L;Persson A;Holt M;de Wit J, 2013, '“Health seems to come second”: Views on treatment as prevention among people with HIV not currently taking treatment', presented at 25th Australasian HIV Conference, Darwin, Australia, 01 - 01 October 2013
    • Holt M;Lea T;Zablotska I;Prestage G;De Wit J;Mao L, 2013, 'Consistent and inconsistent use of non-condom-based risk reduction strategies among men in the Gay Community Periodic Surveys', presented at Australasian HIV/AIDS Conference, Darwin, 21 - 23 October 2013
    • Holt M;Mao L;Prestage G;Zablotska I;De Wit J, 2013, 'Behavioural trends among Australian gay men pose challenges for HIV prevention: findings from the Gay Community Periodic Surveys, 2003-12', presented at Australasian HIV/AIDS Conference, Darwin, 21 - 23 October 2013
    • Mao L;Ophoff M;de Wit J;Holt M, 2012, 'Perceptions of HIV transmission risk, range of sexual practices and self-reported HIV status: how do they align with each other?', presented at 12th Social Research Conference on HIV, Hepatitis C and Related Diseases, 12 - 13 April 2012
    • Mao L;Adam P;Crooks L;Wright E;Post J;Slavin S;Kidd M;de Wit J, 2012, 'Uptake of antiretroviral treatment in Australia: s100 prescribers’ perspective', presented at The Australasian HIV/AIDS Conference (24th Annual Conference for ASHM), Melbourne, 17 - 19 October 2012
    • Lea T;Prestage G;Mao L;Zablotska I;De Wit J;Holt M, 2012, 'TRENDS IN DRUG USE AMONG GAY AND BISEXUAL MEN IN SYDNEY, MELBOURNE AND QUEENSLAND, AUSTRALIA', Vol. 31, pp. 47 - 47, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000311236700145&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a
    • Mao L;Kippax S;Holt M;Prestage G;Zablotska I;de Wit J, 2011, 'Rates of condom- and non-condom-based anal intercourse practices among homosexually active men in Australia: deliberate HIV risk reduction?', presented at 10th International Conference AIDS Impact, Santa Fe, USA, 12 - 15 September 2011
    • Newman CE;Kippax SC;Mao L;Saltman D;Kidd MR, (eds.), 2009, 'The role of the general practitioner in the lives of Australian gay men with depression', pp. 39 - 39, presented at Qualitative Health Research Conference, Vancouver Canada, 04 - 06 October 2009, http://ejournals.library.ualberta.ca/index.php/IJQM/issue/view/485
    • Mao L;Newman C;Kippax S;Kidd M;Saltman D, 2008, 'Factors associated with major depression among gay men attending high HIV caseload general practices in Sydney and Adelaide.', presented at 10th Social Research Conference on HIV, Hepatitis C, and Related Diseases (HHARD): Everyday Lives, 27 - 28 March 2008
    • Mao L;Newman C;Kidd M;Saltman D;McMurchie M;Booth A;Canavan P;Andrews G;Duggan J;Kippax S, 2008, 'Factors associated with major depression among gay men attending high HIV caseload general practices in Sydney and Adelaide.', presented at Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations HIV Educators’ Conference: Gay Men’s Lives, Wollonggong, 26 - 28 May 2008
    • Mao L;Imrie J;Prestage A;Grulich A;Donovan B;Kaldor J;Kippax S, 2007, 'Does circumcision make a difference to the sexual experience of gay men? Findings from the Health in Men (HIM) cohort.', presented at Australasian Sexual Health Conference, Gold Coast, 08 - 10 October 2007
    • Mao L;Imrie JC;Prestage G;Grulich AE;Donovan BJ;Kaldor JM;Kippax SC, 2007, 'Does circumcision make a difference to the sexual experience of gay men? Findings from the health in men (HIM) cohort', pp. 64 - 65, presented at Sexual Health, Perth, 17 - 20 September 2008
    • Mao L;Crawford J;Hospers H;Prestage G;Grulich A;Kaldor J;Kippax S, 2006, '‘Serosorting’ in casual anal sex of HIV-negative gay men in frequent and is increasing in Sydney, Australia', presented at 9th Social Research Conference on HIV, Hepatitis C and Related Diseases (HHARD): Stigma pleasure practice, 20 - 21 April 2006
    • Mao L;Crawford J;Kippax S;Prestage G;Grulich A;Kaldor J, 2005, 'Serosorting distinguishes unprotected from protected anal intercourse with casual partners: findings from the Health in Men (HIM) cohort.', presented at 17th Annual Conference of the Australasian Society for HIV Medicine (ASHM, Hobart, 24 - 27 August 2005
    • Mao L;Prestage G;Crawford J;Van de Ven P;Kippax S;Grulich A;Kaldor J, 2004, 'Involvement in gay community and sexual risk-taking in the Health in Men (HIM) cohort.', presented at 8th The HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis C & Related diseases (HHARD) Social Research Conference, 18 - 21 May 2004
    • Mao L;Van de Ven P;Crawford J;Prestage G;Grulich A;Kaldor J;Kippax S, 2004, 'Patterns of sexual risk taking over time in the health in men (HIM) cohort.', presented at 16th Annual Conference, Australasian Society for HIV Medicine (ASHM),, Canberra, 02 - 04 September 2004
    • Mao L;Van de Ven P;Crawford J;Kippax S;Prestage G;Jin F;Grulich A;Kaldor J, 2003, 'Assessing and disclosing HIV status in relation to the practice of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) in casual encounters: the Health in Men (HIM) cohort.', presented at 15th Annual Conference, Australasian Society for HIV Medicine (ASHM, Cairns, 23 - 26 October 2003
    • Mao L, 2002, 'Individualism-collectivism, Social Cognitive Theory and sexual risk practices among gay Asian and Caucasian men in Sydney', presented at 14th Annual Conference, Australasian Society for HIV Medicine (ASHM),, 23 - 26 October 2002

    Conference Abstracts

Teaching

2012- Lecturer, together with Dr Max Hopwood, UNSW FASS School of Social Sciences, Social Science and Policy Project Semester 2 (SLSP 3002) [13-week course on public opinions on harm reduction services for 3rd-year undergraduates]
2011- Guest Lecturer, invited by the Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney to its Master/Diploma of Medicine (STD/HIV) program SEXH5205.
2003 – 2008: Guest Lecturer, invited by the School of Social Work, to provide annual lectures to its second-year undergraduate course titled “Human Behaviour 2”, UNSW
2003 – 2008: Guest Lecturer, invited by the School of Public Health, Fudan University, P.R.China to provide annual lectures to its Master/PhD in Public Health candidates, sponsored by the US Ford Foundation.

Honours and prizes

ACADEMIC PROMOTION

 Senior Research Fellow, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, 2011

Research Fellow, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, 2005

 

AWARD

 Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, UNSW: Dean’s Award for Social Research Impact, 2014

Australasian Society for HIV Medicine (ASHM): Undergraduate and Junior Researcher Support Award in HIV and Hepatitis, 2002.

Professional contribution

EXPERT REVIEWER FOR CONFERENCES AND GRANTS:

  • 20th International AIDS Conference, Melbourne, 20-25 July, 2014
  • 13th Social Research Conference on HIV, Hepatitis C and related diseases: promises & limitations: biomedical treatment and prevention in the real world, 20-21st February, 2014, Sydney. (& Conference Panel Chair)
  • 2013 Australasian HIV & AIDS Conference, 21-23 October, 2013, Darwin.
  • 2nd International HIV Social Sciences and Humanities Conference, 7-10 July 2013, Paris, France
    The Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Project Grant 2012
    The Australian Research Council (ARC) Future Fellowships 2011-2012
    12th Social Research Conference on HIV, Hepatitis C and Related Diseases: Silence and articulation, Sydney, 12-13th April, 2012 (Member of the conference organising committee, panel chair and peer reviewer)
    Population Health Congress Conference, Adelaide, 10-12 September, 2012
    XIX International AIDS Conference, Washington DC, 22-27 July, 2012,
    The Netherlands AIDS Fonds. 2011-2012
    The US Creative and Novel Ideas in HIV Research (CNIHR) Developmental Grant Program, a collaboration between the International AIDS Society, the University of Washington and University of Alabama Centers for AIDS Research (CFAR) and the Institute of Translational Health Sciences. 2010.
    20th Annual Australasian Society for HIV Medicine Conference (ASHM), 17-20 September 2008
    XVII International AIDS Conference, Mexico City, 3-8 August 2008.
    4th International AIDS Society (IAS) Conference, Sydney, 22-25 July 2007.
    7th International Congress on AIDS in Asian and the Pacific (ICAAP), Kobe, Japan, 1-5 July 2005

Affiliations and membership

Academy, Association for the Social Sciences and Humanities in HIV (ASSHH)

the Australasian Society for HIV Medicine (ASHM)

the “Social/Health Research" Ethics Advisory Panel of UNSW Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC)

Related news

Other information

Media coverage about study findings

  • Uptake of anti-retroviral therapy low in      young gay men: 4th June 2014; UNSW News Room (http://newsroom.unsw.edu.au/news/social-affairs/uptake-anti-retroviral-therapy-low-young-gay-men)
  • Gay men pay more attention to sexual      acts than HIV status: 13th June 2013; Gay News Network (http://gaynewsnetwork.com.au/news/national/11170-gay-men-pay-more-attention-to-sexual-acts-than-hiv-status.html)
  • Deciding what’s risky – Australian gay      men pay more attention to the sexual act to their partner’s HIV status or      viral load; 29th May 2013; AIDS Map (http://www.aidsmap.com/page/2664278/)
  • Changing attitudes about sex:      International students going down and under: 13th May 2013;      Melbourne’s International Student News Website (http://www.meldmagazine.com.au/2013/05/down-and-under/)      and Chinese translation (http://edu.jwb.com.cn/art/2013/5/28/art_14755_2983565.html)
  •  •Listening to those not on treatment: 7th March 2013; NAPWA Positive Living (http://napwa.org.au/pl/2013/03/listening-to-those-not-on-treatment)
    •ASHM renews calls for review of criteria on when to start HIV treatment: 18th February 2013; ASHM media release (http://www.ashm.org.au/images/Media%20Releases/2013/ASHM_MediaRelease_TasP_130218.pdf)
    •Q &A with Dr Limin Mao: March 03 2013; ASHM (http://ashm.org.au/default2.asp?active_page_id=594)
    •Sense of immunity spreads HIV: 7th February 2013; Sydney Star Observer (http://www.starobserver.com.au/news/local-news/new-south-wales-news/2013/02/07/sense-of-immunity-spreads-hiv/96392)
    •Indonesian HIV workers visit Australia: 26th September 2012; AFAO (http://afaotalks.blogspot.com.au/2012/09/indonesian-hiv-workers-visit-australia.html)
    •The safety spectrum: Gay men use many ways to moderate their sexual risk: 18th September 2011; AIDS Map (http://www.aidsmap.com/The-safety-spectrum-gay-men-use-many-ways-to-moderate-their-sexual-risk/page/2079364/)
    •Circumcision’s HIV protection bottoms out: 14th August 2008; Sydney Star Observer (http://www.starobserver.com.au/news/local-news/new-south-wales-news/2008/08/14/circumcision%E2%80%99s-hiv-protection-bottoms-out/1126)